Warriors’ Rick Barry, Jamaal Wilkes, Clifford Ray share what made Oakland fanbase unique

first_imgOAKLAND – For a moment, Rick Barry feared for his life.The Warriors had won the 1975 NBA championship over the former Washington Bullets, and had landed in Oakland after an oversized crowd at San Francisco International Airport forced them to change their travel itinerary. When Barry and his teammates took a cab from Oakland to San Francisco to greet those fans, other Warriors fans almost prevented them from doing so.“They jumped up on top of the cabs. The roof of the cab I was in was …last_img

Another Rotary Machine Found in Bacteria

first_imgA molecular “garbage disposer” in the cell membrane bearing some resemblance to the rotating motor ATP synthase has been described in Nature.1  This machine, called AcrB, expels toxins from the cytoplasm through the cell membrane to the outside.  Like ATP synthase, it has three active sites at one end where the binding occurs, and it operates on proton motive force; but unlike the former, it performs “functional rotation” instead of mechanical rotation.    Murukami et al., a team of five in Japan, described the machine in the 14 Sept issue of Nature.1  Here is a simplified picture of how it works.  Picture a pie with three slices and follow a toxin from the inside of the cell, through the AcrB disposer, to the outside.  One of the slices has a port open and ready for use; we follow the molecule inside as it gets dragged in because of the proton flow.  A trap door lets us into the first chamber then snaps shut.  Inside, we are squeezed into another chamber, then into a tunnel, then handed off to a membrane protein that ejects us out to the exterior environment.  The squeezing occurred because the neighboring pie slice opened its port when ours closed.  When the third slice opened in turn, we were ejected into the tunnel.  In this “functional rotation” model of the action, each of the three segments cycles through three states, and affects the state of the neighboring segment.  The result is a continuous garbage-disposer like operation that sucks in the toxins, binds them, and ejects them out.  Apparently each segment can handle a wide variety of substrates, and adjacent segments might be working on different molecules simultaneously.    There’s one bad side effect of this technology for us humans.  For doctors trying to administer chemotherapeutic drugs or antibacterial agents, the bacteria put up a challenge; they can be ejecting the drugs as fast as the doctor administers them.  This is one way bacteria gain immunity to drugs.  Finding ways to disable these “ubiquitous membrane proteins” may be easier now that we know how they work.  This particular machine operates in the lab bacterium E. coli, but there are other types of these “multi-drug transporters” (MDTs) in other organisms that work in other ways.  In the same issue of Nature,2 two Swiss researchers described a different MDT in S. aureus called Sav1866.  Instead of proton motive force, this member of the ABC family of MDTs uses ATP to twist the toxin out of the membrane.    In the case of the rotary machine AcrB, both the research team and commentator Shimon Schuldiner (Hebrew U) couldn’t help but notice the resemblance to ATP synthase.  AcrB lacks the mechanical rotation of the gamma subunit, and seems to lack the rotating carousel driven by protons, but it does have three active sites that appear to operate in turn like a rotary engine.  Schuldiner did not explain any details of a relationship, but speculated that AcrB might be a missing link of sorts: “It is possible that this is a remnant of the evolutionary process that led to the development of true rotary molecular machines.”  Other than that, and an offhand remark earlier in the commentary that “MDTs have evolved into many different forms to act on a wide range of xenobiotics” [i.e., alien molecules], the only other reference to evolution in any of these three papers was a speculation about Sav1866 by Dawson and Locher.  Noting the functional similarity but distinctly different architecture between Sav1866 and another member of the ABC family of MDTs, “the bacterial lipid flippase MsbA” in Salmonella, they cannot see an evolutionary relationship between them: “The observed architectures of MsbA and Sav1866 remain incompatible, even when considering that the proteins may have been trapped in distinct states,” they note.  So what is the answer?  How did these structurally different yet functionally similar machines originate?  They leave it at, “the differences—if real—would indicate a convergent evolution of the two proteins.”1Murukami et al., “Crystal structures of a multidrug transporter reveal a functionally rotating mechanism,” Nature 443, 173-179(14 September 2006) | doi:10.1038/nature05076.2Dawson and Locher, “Structure of a bacterial multidrug ABC transporter,” Nature 443, 180-185(14 September 2006) | doi:10.1038/nature05155.3Shimon Schuldiner, “Structural biology: The ins and outs of drug transport,” NatureIt’s important for us to keep reporting what biophysicists and biochemists are finding, so that the Darwinists know what they are up against.  The cheap calls of “convergent evolution” and “remnants of the evolutionary process” and other such calls to accept evolution as an assumption are ringing hollow, and need to be ejected with the rest of today’s intellectual garbage and toxins.(Visited 23 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Reporters Disparage Bible with Fake History

first_img(Visited 524 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 In a rush to discredit the Bible, certain reporters failed to research all that the Bible says about Canaanites.The Bible says such-and-such, but what REALLY happened, according to ‘science’, is this-and-that. Reporters sometimes fill in this boilerplate with the latest published findings of new research. In a recent case, Science Daily teases with a set-up about the Canaanites: “But who were they and what ultimately happened to them? Were they annihilated like the Bible says?” You know what’s coming next:Now, researchers who’ve sequenced the first ancient Canaanite genomes along with genomes representing people from modern-day Lebanon have new information to help answer those questions. DNA evidence reported in the American Journal of Human Genetics on July 27 shows that the Canaanites did not just disappear. Instead, they survived and are the ancestors of the people now living in modern-day Lebanon.“We found that the Canaanites were a mixture of local people who settled in farming villages during the Neolithic period and eastern migrants who arrived in the region about 5,000 years ago,” said Marc Haber of The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in the United Kingdom. “The present-day Lebanese are likely to be direct descendants of the Canaanites, but they have in addition a small proportion of Eurasian ancestry that may have arrived via conquests by distant populations such as the Assyrians, Persians, or Macedonians.”Basically, the Bible is wrong. That’s the message. Notice how other sites echo this press release from Cell Press uncritically:“Bronze Age DNA helps unravel true fate of biblical Canaanites” (Andy Coghlan at New Scientist). Notice his emphasis on “true” fate from science, as opposed to what the Bible says. He continues, “After comparing the Canaanite DNA with that from 99 living Lebanese volunteers, the team found that almost 90 per cent of present day Lebanese DNA is shared with the Canaanites, suggesting that biblical reports of their annihilation were greatly exaggerated.““No archaeological evidence for the widespread destruction of Canaanite settlements described in the Bible has yet been identified, and many scholars believe that the Israelites, who appear around the beginning of the Iron Age, may have originally been Canaanites.” (National Geographic)“Canaanites Live: DNA Reveals Fate of Biblical People” (Stephanie Pappas at Live Science). “In part because the Canaanites kept their records on easily degradable papyrus rather than clay, little is known about their side of the story. But now, ancient DNA reveals that the Canaanites were the descendants of Stone Age settlers and the ancestors of the Lebanese.” The suggestion is that the Bible is not trustworthy. Pappas would apparently prefer to interview a Canaanite to find out his side of the story, and would consider that more authoritative than the Bible.None of these articles cite a specific Bible reference. They assume that the Bible says Israel wiped out all trace of the Canaanites. Instead, ‘science’ shows that their DNA lives on in the modern Lebanese. Q.E.D. The Bible goofed.In the Pentateuch, God did indeed order Israel to exterminate the Canaanites. Too bad the reporters didn’t get beyond Deuteronomy into Joshua, Judges, Kings and Chronicles. The sad history the Bible unfolds in detail is that, just as God had warned through Moses and the prophets, Israel disobeyed and did not drive the Canaanites out of the land. And just as the prophets had warned, those idol-worshipers became thorns and snares to the people God had called to Himself to be a holy people, separate from the nations, heirs of the land He had promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.Another frequent misconception is that Israel was ordered to burn and destroy everything in Canaan. That is false even from the days of Moses, who told the Israelites that they would be living in cities they had not built, using vineyards they had not planted, and enjoying a good land of milk and honey. God said he would drive out the inhabitants gradually, not all at once (Exodus 23:29-30). Only in a few cases, like Jericho, were they ordered to destroy everything and everybody. And contrary to what National Geographic says, Biblical archaeologists like Dr Bryant Wood have found conclusive evidence that is exactly what happened at Jericho in the time of Joshua.A misreading of Joshua might seem to suggest widespread destruction of many cities. There were some great victories in the beginning, but the book of Joshua closes with a listing of vast areas that still needed conquering. And the book of Judges shows the Israelites losing faith, becoming unable to drive out the inhabitants of many of the Canaanite cities. It took many years for Israel to conquer the Jebusites inhabiting Jerusalem, till David finally captured the city. And the Gibeonites made a league with Joshua by subterfuge, with an oath, allowing them to live in the land as servants. God honored that oath and punished King Saul many years later for having violated it.In short, the Bible depicts Israel living alongside the Canaanites, never being able to drive them all out, and undoubtedly intermarrying with them at times—something the Bible discouraged, but permitted for captive women (e.g., Rahab the harlot, who rescued the two Israelite spies at Jericho, and ended up in the lineage of Messiah). It should not be surprising that Canaanite traits (if one accepts the genetic testing at face value) live on in today’s Lebanese.Once again, secular reporters published fake news, fake history, and fake Bible. David Klinghoffer came to pretty much the same conclusion at Evolution News & Science Today, complaining about “culturally illiterate science reporters” using the study to “slap [the] Bible around.”Let’s briefly address the matter of God ordering the extermination of the Canaanites. The main thing is that God is sovereign. The Lord gives, and the Lord takes away; He gives life, and who can stop him from taking it? Who is going to tell God He is wrong? That is utter folly. He is the standard. Even so, God destroyed many of the Canaanites himself without Joshua’s army having to do it all. He sent hornets (Exodus 23:28), hailstones (Joshua 10:11), and other natural disasters against them. He turned some of the city-states against each other, so they killed themselves. And the Canaanites were evil. They burned their children in the fire to idols. They worshiped the creature rather than the Creator. Their ‘worship’ included all kinds of sexual perversions, as happened at Baal-Peor. In His wisdom, God knew what neighbors like this would do to His people. He warned and warned, but they lusted after the gods of the Canaanites anyway. So Israel became just as corrupt and evil as the nations He had ordered Israel to drive out. Look at the stories of Ahab and Jezebel, Athaliah, Ahaz, and Manasseh. The northern 10 tribes became so corrupt early on, that after nearly 3 centuries of rebellion, God finally sent the Assyrians to take them captive, never to return (except for some who had migrated to Judah).God had a unique plan for Israel: to carve out, from all the nations, a people for His own possession, to whom He would teach His laws (e.g., the Ten Commandments), inspire written Scripture for them, and give birth to Messiah for the world (Romans 3). It called for unique and special orders. God’s order to Israel to wipe out the Canaanites was like cancer surgery, in order to save the body of humanity. The good news is that, in spite of Israel’s failings, God succeeded in bringing salvation to the world through His Son, Jesus Christ. Now that the debt of sin was paid on the cross of Christ, anyone who calls on His name, be they Lebanese, Canaanite, Hittite, Jebusite, or Afghan, can receive God’s grace by faith.last_img read more

How to Integrate FCPX Into Logic Pro X

first_imgLogic Pro X is a solid audio solution for editing and mixing your productions. Get the most out of it by integrating Final Cut Pro X.During the development of my last documentary film, I went into the audio mixing sessions with my sound designer noticed that he wasn’t using the industry standard Pro Tools 12. Instead, he was using Logic Pro X. Being a film score composer who had been trained to use Pro Tools, he proceeded to tell me that more and more composers are making the move to either Ableton Live or Logic Pro.What I learned is that Pro Tools still runs around $800, Ableton Live runs $600 for the Intro version, and Logic Pro X is the cheapest route of the three at $200. This seemed to be an incredible value. Now, the built-in instruments aren’t too impressive, as they are essentially what you’ll find in GarageBand. But my sound designer was able to maximize the software’s usability by purchasing add-ons like GeoSonics from SonicCulture, Hans Zimmer Percussion from Spitfire Audio and Strings and Brass from East West.To help you successfully integrate your FCPX audio into Logic Pro X and back again, check out this great video from Dan Allen’s YouTube Channel.If you want a more comprehensive introduction to Logic Pro X, take a look at these extremely useful tutorials from MusicTechHelpGuy.Getting Starting in Logic XHow to Turn on Advanced ToolsWant to know more about film audio? Then check out these articles on PremiumBeat.How to Capture High Quality Audio for Low Budget FilmsAudio Tips for DSLR FilmmakersAudio Tips and Tricks: Removing Echo and ReverbWas this information helpful? What are your thoughts on Logic Pro X? Sound off in the comments below.last_img read more