Food Loss, Waste, a Barrier to Poverty Reduction

first_imgThe world loses or wastes one-quarter to one-third of all food produced for human consumption, according to the latest issue of the World Bank’s quarterly Food Price Watch citing Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Resources Institute estimates.In regions rife with undernourishment, such as Africa and South Asia, this shocking loss translates to 400 to 500 calories per person, per day—and up to 1520 calories in the developed world.World Bank Group president Jim Yong Kim said “The amount of food wasted and lost globally is shameful.” “Millions of people around the world go to bed hungry every night and yet millions of tons of food end up in trash cans or spoiled on the way to market. We have to tackle this problem in every country in order to improve food security and to end poverty.”According to the latest edition of Food Price Watch , global food prices declined by 3 percent over the last quarter but remain close to historical peaks, driven by record-setting harvests in wheat, maize and rice, increased supplies, and stronger global stocks.Domestic prices showed large variations across countries, as is typical. Stable prices continue among a number of regions, while mixed trends are evident in East and South Asia, as a result of seasonal factors, procurement policies, and localized production shortfalls.According to the report, the Bank’s Food Price Index in January 2014 was 11 percent lower than a year ago, and 18 percent below the all-time peak in August 2012. However, prices over the last quarter declined by only half the amount of the previous quarter (June-October 2013). Wheat prices notably declined by 15 percent this quarter, reversing previously seen increases (especially in October 2013), and the price of internationally traded maize fell by 2 percent, extending the consecutive price decline to nine months.Pressures on food prices are expected to weaken in the short term, with normal trends in terms of crop conditions anticipated in the coming months. However, weather concerns in Argentina, Australia, and parts of China, higher oil prices, and the anticipated release of rice stockpiles in Thailand, need continued careful monitoring.The report also outlines the economic, environmental, natural resources and poverty implications of food loss and waste, and suggests engineering and policy interventions in developing and developed countries to tackle this growing issue.How the World Bank Group is helpingThe World Bank Group says it is committed to boosting agriculture and agriculture-related investment. In 2013, new Bank Group commitments to agriculture and related sectors were US$8.1 billion.   For IBRD/IDA, assistance to agriculture and related sectors has risen from an average of 9 percent of total lending in FY10-12, to 12 percent in FY13.The International Finance Corporation (IFC), according to the World Bank, made US$4.4 billion in private sector investments across the food supply chain in FY13. These investments, the Bank said supported projects that promote access to finance, access to inputs like seeds, equipment and advice, and access to markets through infrastructure and food-processing facilities.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Tobacco Control Council finally launched

first_img2 years after legislationAlmost two years after Guyana passed legislation to regulate the sale and use of tobacco products, the Government has finally assembled a council which will be responsible for enforcing the law.Dr Shamdeo Persaud has been named Chairman of the 9-member council, and Attorney Cassandra Alves as the council’s Legal Officer. Other councillors are Mahadeo Ramjag from the Guyana Revenue Authority (GRA), Shailendra Rai from the Guyana National Bureau of Standards (GNBS); Desiree Edghill, Executive Director of Artistes in Direct Support; Melissa Del-Richards, Assistant Director of Sports; Dr Mayon Amsterdam, Technical Officer at the Public Health Ministry; Dr Latoya Gooding from the Giving Hope Foundation; and Chronic Diseases Coordinator Dr Kavita Singh as the council’s secretary.The mission of the council has been influenced by the Public Health Ministry’s framework of the Health Vision 2020, which is a post-Millennium Development Goals agenda for Guyana through expanding universal health coverage and enabling health-enhancing behavioural and cultural changes in and through the delivery of improved health services.The council was established following the mandate of the Tobacco Control Act, which stipulates that a council be established with the important role of advising the Minister on matters related to tobacco control and the administration and enforcement of the Act.Public Health Minister Volda Lawrence has said the council would play a pivotal role in how the ministry addresses non-communicable diseases.“It is my strong belief that you (the council) are well positioned to do the things that are required of you, because you represent all sectors of our community and you can interface with our citizens in our community groups — of the entertainment sector, of social media, our religious organisations etc — to spread the message of how important it is of us kicking that habit of smoking,” Lawrence asserted.The council’s Legal Officer, Cassandra Alves, told the gathering that Guyana is the first country in the Caribbean to implement a Tobacco Control Council. She, however, outlined the hard road ahead, as several regulations need to be implemented and enforced.“In accordance with the regulations passed last year, the tobacco industry had to start complying with the rules on the 25th of February this year, and they have started. We still have some problems with compliance; some people have stretched out the image too much, some have opted to not put certain things, some have put things on the package that they were not supposed to put there.“The tobacco industry cannot even put on the package a health message that they have made up, but only those that are prescribed by the regulations,” Alves explained.The Tobacco Control Bill was passed in the National Assembly on July 27, 2017. At that time, Guyana had the third highest prevalence rate of smoking in the world. However, in 2018, Guyana received the World Health Organisation’s (WHO’s) World No Tobacco Day Award for the passage of the bill.The bill bans smoking at all indoor workplaces and certain outdoor places, such as in any waiting area or queue in a public place, including but not limited to any public transport stop, bus stand or bus park.The legislation will be enforced by the application of several penalties in the form of fines and prison sentences for ‘certain transgressions’. These range from a fine of $200,000 along with 6 months’ imprisonment for persons who breach the new regulations, to fines for business entities of up to $9 million dollars.Public Health Minister Volda Lawrence (sixth from right) along with the Tobacco Control Council memberslast_img read more

Bundesliga: Borussia Dortmund Held at Home by Bottom-placed Paderborn in 6-goal Thriller

first_imgBerlin: Borussia Dortmund captain Marco Reus equalised in added time to salvage a 3-3 draw at home to Bundesliga bottom side Paderborn as Friday’s shock result left Dortmund coach Lucien Favre under pressure.Dortmund, who face Barcelona away on Wednesday in the Champions League, were 3-0 down at half-time at Signal Iduna Park and out-played before launching a second-half fight back. “We have to apologise to our fans for that performance, especially in the first-half,” said a visibly shaken Reus.”We can never play like that again at home, it was really shit. It’s not on.”I have no idea what that was all about from us in the first-half.”Paderborn striker Streli Mamba ran riot with two goals in the opening 45 minutes before winger Gerrit Holtmann grabbed the visitor’s third just before the break.It was a different story in the second-half as England winger Jadon Sancho gave Dortmund hope before Axel Witsel, then Reus both headed late goals to poach a point.The draw leaves Dortmund fifth in the table, but they could finish the weekend eight points behind leaders Borussia Moenchengladbach, who are at mid-table FC Union Berlin on Saturday.Having been drubbed 4-0 away at Bayern Munich before the international break, Dortmund were guilty of woeful defending in the first-half to put Favre in a precarious position.Hosts Dortmund were behind with five minutes gone when Paderborn winger Kai Proeger out-sprinted, then rode the tackle of Germany international Nico Schulz on the right flank.With the Dortmund defence shredded, Proeger passed inside for Mamba to tap home and silence home fans.In response Dortmund pushed forward, but were punished for defending high up the pitch when Paderborn forward Ben Zolinski lifted the ball over the defence.Mamba outsprinted Germany defender Julian Weigl to fire Paderborn 2-0 up on 37 minutes.The visitor’s third goal came two minutes before the break when Dortmund’s Belgium Axel Witsel lost possession and Holtmann sprinted clear of Weigl to fire past home goalkeeper Roman Buerki.Stunned Dortmund trudged off at half-time to a chorus of whistles from their fans.Their CEO Hans-Joachim Watzke, watching in the stands, looked far from happy after such a weak display from his star-studded squad.Favre reacted by bringing on the attack-minded trio of Julian Brandt, Thorgan Hazard and Achraf Hakimi for the second-half.Dortmund flew out of the blocks with Sancho firing home to make it 3-1 just two minutes after the break when Reus had won back possession.Paderborn were still causing the hosts problems and Mamba came within a whisker of grabbing his hat-trick, firing wide on 67 minutes.With the final whistle approaching, Dortmund defender Mats Hummels hooked the ball across goal for Witsel to header home before Reus spared his side’s blushes with the equaliser right at the end. Get the best of News18 delivered to your inbox – subscribe to News18 Daybreak. Follow News18.com on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, Telegram, TikTok and on YouTube, and stay in the know with what’s happening in the world around you – in real time. borussia dortmundbundesligaBundesliga 2019-20football First Published: November 23, 2019, 8:37 AM ISTlast_img read more